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Nov 16, 2008

Small Changes Equal Big Impact on Your Cholesterol



Exercise and
adopt a healthy diet. This age-old advice still holds true for those of
us who need to improve our cholesterol profiles. In this Health Alert,
Johns Hopkins nutritionists provide practical advice to help you
achieve your cholesterol goals – even if you also take statin
medication.



You hear it all the time: Watch your cholesterol. Elevated cholesterol
levels, along with high blood pressure, smoking, and excess weight,
increase your risk of coronary heart disease. But what exactly does
watching your cholesterol entail?



It means lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, the type
that narrows arteries, while striving to boost high-density lipoprotein
(HDL) cholesterol ("good" cholesterol), which helps remove LDL
cholesterol deposited in artery walls.



Total cholesterol levels should be less than 200 mg/dL, with LDL
cholesterol as low as 70 mg/dL if you have coronary heart disease and
as high as 160 mg/dL if you have no risk factors for coronary heart
disease. Ideally, HDL cholesterol should be above 60 mg/dL or at least
above 40 mg/dL in men and 50 mg/dL in women.



But to take the next step by making lifestyle changes to get your
cholesterol levels in the right range, you need a game plan. That
applies whether or not you've been prescribed a cholesterol-lowering
medication.



Small Changes, Big Impact -- Try making gradual heart-healthy
changes in your current diet. You're more likely to stick with your new
eating plan if you start slowly:


  • Add a vegetable serving to your lunch or dinner.

  • Substitute a piece of fruit for cookies, cake, or ice cream as your dessert or snack.

  • Drink low-fat or skim milk at lunch instead of soda.

  • Cut back on meat portions by a half or a third at each meal. (Shoot
    to eat 3 oz, the size of a deck of cards.) Select only lean cuts; trim
    away fat; broil, roast, or boil (don't fry!); and remove skin from
    poultry.

  • Eat one or two meatless meals a week.

  • Choose whole-grain foods. (Look for the word "whole" instead of
    "unbleached" or "enriched" as part of the first ingredient listed in a
    product.)




In addition to dietary changes, experts recommend burning 1,500
calories a week with exercise to impact levels of cholesterol and
especially triglycerides, which breaks down to about 20–30 minutes of
daily moderate-intensity activity like walking, swimming, or cycling.



While lifestyle is important, oftentimes using a medication, like a
statin, is the most effective way to reduce LDL cholesterol. Still,
dietary changes can help ward off the need for drugs or help your
medication work more effectively.


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